Components of Literacy

The current concept of literacy includes much more than a child just knowing their abc’s or writing some letters in the alphabet.  The following terms might help in understanding how this complex process is interrelated through reading, writing, speaking and communicating :

**7 Components of Literacy **

  1. Increased Vocabulary and Language – A child builds new words through conversation and new experiences.  The development of expressive and receptive language skills is directly related to their success with acquiring the necessary skills to learn how to read.
  2. Phonological Awareness – The understanding that words are made up of individual sounds or “phonemes” and the ability to manipulate these phonemes within words to create new words; such as rhyming, alliteration, syllables, word families.
  3. Knowledge of Print – A child places meaning on the labels, signs, and symbols he sees in the world around him.
  4. Letters & Words – A child recognizes letters in the alphabet and gives them a name. He also writes some letters and recognizes words which have meaning to him, such as his name, mom, dad, love, stop.
  5. Comprehension – A child begins to understand what is read to him, the sequence of the story and how and why things occurred.  Critical thinking skills are reinforced to review the how, why, who, what, when and where answers in a story.
  6. Understanding Books and other Texts – A young child begins to comprehend the theme of a book and might also understand meaning of songs, rhymes, and poems.
  7. A Source of Enjoyment – A child learns that reading and writing help them make sense of their world and can be exciting and fun!


Plan a special day cooking something simple with your preschooler.

Choose a recipe and make a list of what you need.

Go grocery shopping together and gather all necessary ingredients and tools.

Write the recipe on a large index card or construction paper and draw pictures to relate to key words.

Follow the directions and cook together. Take photos of your special time together and record what you did to make a “memory book”.  Have fun spending time together cooking and learning!

by Nancy Nathanson